Roman Emperors

Roman emperors were the rulers of the Roman Empire. The first Roman emperor, Augustus, refused to be called an emperor instead choosing the title 'princeps', which means the first or leading citizen. Augustus avoided the term emperor or king as the people of Rome weren't too keen on monarchs after the previous one.

Roman emperors would declare the opening and closure of Senate meetings, they would declare the Senate's agenda and would impose rules and regulations which the Senate had to follow.

Roman emperors had multiple roles and power within the Senate. For example; when Augustus became emperor he granted himself the role of 'Pontifex Maximus', this made him the chief administrator of religious affairs, which gave him control of the Roman calendar and the power to appoint the vestal virgins.


Augustus

Ruled between: 27BC - 14AD
Augustus became the first emperor of Rome, after replacing the Roman Republic with the Empire. Augustus was born on the 23rd of September in 63BC, and was named Octavian. However, in 27BC when his reign began the Senate awarded him the name Augustus.

Augustus was reluctant to call himself a dictator or a king and instead founded the principate. This allowed him to hold power for life under the name of 'leading-citizen'. Even though this title gave him no power, he was awarded multiple positions of great influence within the senate.

His reign lasted for forty-one years, and Augustus is viewed as one of the most important figures in Roman history. He died on the 19th of August 14AD and installed Tiberius, his step-son as his successor.

Augustus

Constantine the Great

Ruled between: 307AD - 337AD
Constantine was the first Christian Roman emperor, and made it the official religion of the Empire. He also created a new capital for the Empire, Constantinople. In the new city he also installed a second senate.



Caligula

Ruled between 37AD - 41AD
Caligula, more properly Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus was the third emperor of Rome and had succeeded Tiberius. From the age of 2 to 4 he lived with his father in the Roman legions; whilst there he was given the nickname Caligula, which can be translated as 'little boots'. Gaius disliked the senate and tried to humiliate them whenever possible. It is stated that he attempted to make his horse consul of Rome!


Roman Emperors Timeline

001
Augustus Caesar
27BC-14AD
002
Tiberius
14AD-37AD
003
Caligula
37AD-41AD
004
Claudius
41AD-54AD
005
Nero
54AD-68AD
006
Galba
68AD-69AD
007
Otho
69AD
008
Vitellius
69AD
009
Vespasian
69AD-79AD
010
Titus
79AD-81AD
011
Domitian
81AD-96AD
012
Nerva
96AD-98AD
013
Trajan
98AD-117AD
014
Hadrian
117AD-138AD
015
Antoninus Pius
138AD-161AD
016
Marcus Aurelius
161AD-180AD
018
Lucius Verus
161AD-169AD
019
Commodus
177AD-192AD
020
Pertinax
193AD
020
Didius Julianus
193AD
021
Pescennius Niger
193AD-194AD
022
Claudius Albinus
195AD-197AD
023
Septimius Severus
193AD-211AD
024
Caracalla
198AD-217AD
025
Geta
209AD-212AD
026
Macrinus
217AD-218AD
027
Diadumenian
218AD
028
Elagabalus
218AD-222AD
029
Alexander Severus
222AD-238AD
030
Maximinus Thrax
235AD-238AD
031
Gordian I
238AD
032
Gordian II
238AD
033
Balbinus
238AD
034
Pupienus
238AD
035
Gordian III
238AD-244AD
036
Philip the Arab
244AD-249AD
037
Philip II
244AD-249AD
038
Pacatian
248AD
039
Jotapian
248AD
040
Trajan Decius
249AD-251AD
041
Herennius Etruscus
251AD
042
Hostilian
251AD
043
Trebonianus Gallus
251AD-253AD
044
Volusian
251AD-253AD
045
Aemilian
253AD
046
Valerian
253AD-260AD
047
Gallienus
253AD-268AD
048
Claudius II
268AD-270AD
049
Quintillus
270AD
050
Aurelian
270AD-275AD
051
Zenobia
267AD-273AD
052
Tacitus
275AD-276AD
053
Florianus
276AD
054
Probus
276AD-282AD
055
Carus
282AD-283AD
056
Numerian
283AD-284AD
057
Carinus
283AD-285AD
058
Nigrian
285AD
059
Julian of Pannonia
284AD-285AD
060
Diocletian
284AD-305AD
061
Maximianus
286AD-310AD
062
Carausius
287AD-293AD
063
Allectus
293AD-296AD
064
Domitius Domitianus
296AD-297AD
065
Constantius Chlorus
305AD-306AD
066
Galerius
305AD-311AD
067
Maxentius
306AD-312AD
068
Valerius Romulus
069
Severus II
306AD-307AD
070
Constantine the Great
307AD-337AD
071
Maximinus
309AD-313AD
072
Domitius Alexander
308AD-311AD
073
Licinius I
308AD-324AD
074
Valerian Valens
314AD
075
Licinius II
317AD-324AD
076
Crispus
317AD-326AD
077
Sextus Martinianus
323AD-324AD
078
Delmatius
335AD-337AD
079
Hannibalianus
335AD-337AD
080
Constantine II
337AD-340AD
081
Constans
337AD-350AD
082
Constantius II
337AD-361AD
083
Magnentius
350AD-353AD
084
Decentius
351AD-353AD
085
Vetranio
350AD
086
Nepotian
350AD
087
Constantius Gallus
351AD-354AD
088
Julian the Apostate
360AD-363AD
089
Jovian
363AD-364AD
090
Valentinian I
364AD-375AD
091
Valens
364AD-378AD
092
Procopius
365AD-366AD
093
Gratian
367AD-383AD
094
Valentinian II
375AD-392AD
095
Theodosius I
379AD-395AD
096
Magnus
383AD-388AD
097
Arcadius
383AD-408AD
098
Flavius Victor
387AD-388AD
099
Eugenius
392AD-394AD
100
Honorius
393AD-423AD
101
Arcadius
400AD-404AD
102
Theodosius II
402AD-450AD
103
Constantine III
407AD-411AD
104
Constans II
408AD-411AD
105
Priscus Attalus
409AD-410AD
106
Jovinus
411AD-413AD
107
Sebastianus
412AD-413AD
108
Constantius III
421AD
109
Ioannes
423AD-425AD
110
Valentinian III
425AD-455AD
111
Marcian
450AD-457AD
112
Petronius Maximus
455AD
113
Avitus
455AD-456AD
114
Leo I
457AD-474AD
115
Majorian
457AD-461AD
116
Libius Severus
461AD-465AD
117
Anthemius
467AD-472AD
118
Olybrius
472AD
119
Glycerius
473AD-474AD
120
Julius Nepos
474AD-475AD
121
Romulus Augustus
475AD-476AD